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hunger

Hunger could kill millions more than Covid-19

Hunger could kill millions more than Covid-19, warns Oxfam

Hunger could kill millions!

A new study by Oxfam; a charitable organization has warned the world for the incoming hunger crisis. 12000 people can die daily of hunger by the end of the year. Millions of people are being pushed towards hunger by the coronavirus pandemic and it could end up killing more people of hunger as compared to virus itself.

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people, homeless, male

The biggest reasons are lockdowns, closed borders, curfews and travel restrictions. More than 1 million extra people in Afghanistan are facing famine increasing tally from 2.5 million to 3.5 million in May,2020 .Humanitarian disaster in Yemen has also triggered, where two third are already facing severe hunger.

hunger

“People queue at flour, split peas and food for children at an Oxfam distribution point in Herat, Afghanistan.” Earlier this year

Coronavirus has already forced people in poorest countries into hunger and poverty. Unemployment, lack of health facilities food shortage is worsening day by day. The countries identified by Oxfam as extreme hunger hotspots includes Afghanistan, Congo, Yemen, Venezuela, Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Syria and Haiti.

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“The knock-on impacts of Covid-19 are far more widespread than the virus itself, pushing millions of the world’s poorest people deeper into hunger and poverty. It is vital governments contain the spread of this deadly disease, but they must also prevent it killing as many – if not more – people from hunger,”

Said the chief executive of Oxfam GB, Danny Sriskandarajah.

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“Covid-19 a pandemic far from over”

“Covid-19 a pandemic far from over”

According to the latest data by John Hopkins University of Medicine there are more than 10.6 million cases globally with 515,000 deaths. It took about 6 days to reach from 9 to 10 million the fastest increase ever. Although the situation is very much controlled in Europe but USA has seen a sudden spike in the cases. USA the most affected country from pandemic saw an increase in the cases after easing restriction in states like Florida, Texas, Arizona and California and are declared the new epicenters of the novel coronavirus; these states are have recorded the highest number of daily cases. President Donald Trump while addressing the rally in Tulsa, Oklahoma encouraged government to slow down the testing as according to him more tests means more cases. The ease of restrictions resulted in flooding of people in pubs and beaches with majority ignoring the face covering and social distancing precautions. Dr. Fauci the top infectious disease scientists of US has predicted that if the situation continues USA will have 100,000 cases daily. A deadly increase in cases is also predicted in US after 4th of July the independence day of United States.

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Beach in Florida during covid-19 pandemic

Brazil the hotspot of coronavirus in South America is having record cases and deaths. According to official figures Brazil now have 1.4 million cases with 60,000 deaths. The government of Brazil has totally failed to control the pandemic and according to neutral agencies the actual number of cases is far higher than the official cases provided by Brazilian Government.

In south Asia as India is easing lockdown in stages the pandemic is accelerating. Mumbai the densely populated city of India is facing health crisis. With about 20,000 cases and more than 400 deaths daily India is heading towards a disaster for its health system. India now has almost 600,000 cases with 17,000+ deaths and cases are increasing day by day.

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Dr. Tedros Adhanam Ghebreyesus Director-General WHO

Dr. Tedros Adhanam Ghebreyesus while addressing the media said that the pandemic is far from over and the peak is yet to arrive. As there are no signs of vaccines and countries easing restrictions,  the cases are increasing and we are heading towards a disaster. He said that WHO recorded about 194,000 cases in one day which was the highest ever recorded and it indicates that what lies ahead. He urged governments to strictly imposed face covering and social distancing measures in order to slow down the spread of virus.

Austria

Post-Covid Tourism: A list of Countries opening for Tourism

Post-Covid Tourism:
List of Countries
reopening for Tourism

History

Since the start of pandemic many countries closed its border for international tourists due to the high number of infections coming from all across the world. This step was one of the most important in battle against corona virus. United Nations report stated that there was 80 percent decline in tourism and 90 percent decline in air travel recorded in the first half of 2020. As the situation is getting back to normal in many countries, they are opening their borders for international tourists to revive the tourism industry. Some of the famous tourist destinations are mentioned in above article.

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antigua and barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda is a beautiful island located in Caribbean. After coronavirus the international airport was closed restricting the entrance of tourists. It was reopened for tourists starting June 4th with some instructions and Covid-19 tests.

Aruba

Aruba is an island country under the rule of Kingdom of Netherlands situated in the southern Caribbean Sea. Aruba announced to reopen tourism between June 15 and July 10 in stages. At first tourists from neighboring Caribbean islands would be allowed followed by tourists from Europe, Canada and USA.

aruba, baby beach, bay
Austria

Austria

Austria is situated in the central Europe and one of the top tourist’s destinations of Europe. It announced to reopen from June 16 with initially allowing only 31 countries mostly from Europe.

bali

Bali is an Indonesian island famous for its volcanic forests and beaches. The government of Indonesia announced to fully reopen Bali for international tourists from September 2020 while it has already opened it for domestic tourists

bali
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Belgium

Belgium is a beautiful country located in Europe. Government of Belgium opened its borders for tourism on June 15. Selected countries are allowed to visit Belgium mostly from Europe

crotia

Croatian government announced to open tourism from June 1 initially allowing tourists from European countries only.

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Dominican Republic

Dominican Republic

Dominican Republic a beautiful Caribbean island announced to reopen tourists from July 1 also keeping corona virus precaution of face covering and social distancing for tourists.

Egypt

Egypt being one of the top hotspot of tourism in Middle East announced to reopen tourism for international tourists from July 1 restricting the tourists to tourist’s spots in least affected areas from virus.

Egypt
paris, eiffel tower, evening

France

France is one of the highest affected countries by Coronavirus. The France government announced to reopen limited tourism from July 24 and fully from August 2020 allowing tourists from European countries in first phase and then from all across the globe.

 

Greece

Greece is one of the top tourist spot in Europe. Almost 20 percent of countries GDP are based on tourism. The Greece government announced to reopen tourism in stages also for limited countries with compulsory Covid-19 test. The country initially opened for tourism and from June 15 and the restrictions are to be decreased from July 1.

 

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venice, italy, travel

Italy

Italy is one of the worst hit countries by pandemic and also suffered many casualties from the coronavirus. The situation is controlled and Italy initially opened its borders for European countries from June 2 and is planning to further opening the tourism for international tourists.

Portugal

Portugal started opening its borders for tourists from European countries from the start of June and is further planning to ease restriction for international tourists.

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cities, barcelona, views

spain

Spain announced to reopen tourism for European countries from June 21 and some of the non-European countries from June 30 in stages

 

Thailand

Thailand is one of the top tourist spot for international tourists because of its natural beauty and beaches. Thailand is planning to reopen tourism for international tourists not before the fourth quarter of 2020

railay bay, krabi thailand, thai
cami, minaret, islam

Turkey

Turkey reopened tourism for 40 nations from the start of June and is further planning to ease restrictions on international travelers.

United Arab Emirates

United Arab Emirates has announced to reopen tourism from July 7 for international tourists with a compulsory Coronavirus tests conducted within 72 hours of travel.

 

dubai, burj, khalifa
tower bridge, london, river

UK

The government of UK has also announced to reopen tourism in initial stages staring from June firstly from tourists from European countries and later from all around the world

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Fight against Racism and Injustice

Fight against Racism and Injustice

Fight against Racism and Injustice, a brief view on some famous Black lives matter activists

On May 25th, 2020 an incident took place at a grocery store in Powderhorn Park in Minneapolis, USA. A black man George Floyd was choked to death by a white police officer named Derek Chauvin. The whole scene was recorded by multiple cameras and it turned out to be a disaster for US. George cried for help by saying “I can’t breathe” but police officer did not have his knee off his neck and he died on spot.  Communities from every race came out on streets protesting against the murder of an innocent black man with one slogan “Black Lives Matter”.  The protests spread in all states and law and order situation got out of control, some rioters stormed stores and malls and looted everything they could.

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George Floyd was not the first victim of American police brutality. Every year many cases are recorded where a black man or a minority is targeted in the US by police. The protests spread all across the world and the slogan of “Black Lives Matter” was being heard from Europe to America. Many black rights activists have dedicated their lives and fought against social injustice and hate towards African American people. Some notable figures are discussed in this article.

Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968)

Martin Luther King was one of the most prominent figures of the civil rights movement in the world. His struggle against racism and social injustice started when a black woman was forced to give up her seat to a white man because of her color. The same incident happened again when a black woman named Rosa Parks was also forced to leave her seat and when refused she was arrested. Martin’s struggle started with Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955. Martin was also elected as the President of Southern Christian Leadership Conference and also represented the “Big Six” (6 leaders of civil rights organizations). In 1963 he decided to march on Washington, the Washington March is one of the biggest events in civil rights history where Martin delivered his famous “ I Have A Dream” speech. The main objective of March was to demand an end of racial segregation in schools, civil rights laws, protection from police brutality and equality. Quarter million people attended this march and it was the largest gathering of protestors in the history of Washington D.C.

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Martin’s notable movements include the Selma Voting Rights of 1965, Chicago open housing of 1966, the opposition of the Vietnam War and Poor People’s Campaign of 1968. On April 4, 1968 Martin Luther King was assassinated by James Earl Ray in Memphis, Tennessee.

Malcolm X (1925-1965)

Al-Hajj Malik Al Shabazz also known as Malcolm X was a Muslim American civil rights activist and a notable figure in African Americans of the United States. He joined an organization named Nation of Islam and was named assistant minister of Nation’s mosque in Chicago. Malcolm was a skilled speaker and had an impressive physical presence. His involvement with the Nation of Islam put him on the radar of the FBI. He got his name in the public after the Hinton Johnson Incident when a member of the Nation of Islam was beaten by the police officers. Malcolm fought for civil rights using the platform of the Nation of Islam.

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He remained in news for his controversial statements especially the one on the assassination of J.F Kennedy. His relation with Nation of Islam did not continue and he left the organization and later he told that he has life threats from this organization. Malcolm was shot 21 times and was assassinated by a member of Nation of Islam in Manhattan. Malcolm will always be remembered in history as a notable personality for civil rights in history of the United States.

Rosa Parks (1913-2005)

Rosa Louise McCauley Parks was an American civil rights activist. She was named as “the first lady of freedom movement” by United States Congress. Rosa got her fame from the famous Montgomery Bus incident when she refused to give up her seat protesting against racism. She was arrested because of that. Her action inspired black people and a movement named “Montgomery Bus Boycott” started and lasted for about 365 days. This incident became a movement and gave more power to anti-racism movements. She joins hands with Edgar Nixon and Martin Luther King Jr. in a fight against oppression against black people and went on to win a Nobel Prize. Rosa fought for civil rights during her whole life and died of a natural cause in 2005. She was awarded with many national and international medals for her work.

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coronavirus, virus, pandemic

Corona Virus: A pandemic that shook the world

Corona Virus: A pandemic that shook the world

Japan was preparing to host the biggest sports event in the world, Tokyo Olympics 2020. Dubai was almost done with the preparations of the biggest expo in the world, Dubai Expo 2020. Donald Trump was getting ready to secure his second term at Oval Office in Washington, USA. Liverpool was leading the table against Manchester City for the race of the English Premier League in England. The protesters were on the streets of Hong Kong against Chinese Influence. Morrison was dealing with one of the deadliest bushfires in Australia. The World was normal until news arrived from the city of Wuhan in the Hubei Province of the People’s Republic of China and it changed the whole world.

In December 2019, hospitals in Wuhan started receiving patients with symptoms the same as of pneumonia. In the first 99 patients, 50 percent of the cases were linked to the Huanan Seafood wholesale market. The Chinese authorities acted rapidly and Wuhan with a population of 11 million was placed into a complete lockdown. The world welcomed the year 2020 with great enthusiasm but no one knew what lie ahead. The cases started increasing and on January 7th the Chinese authorities announced that they have identified a new virus and named it 2019-nCOV of the coronavirus family. China reported its first death on 11th January and cases started to emerge in the other cities of China. Province of Hubei with a population of 55 million was placed into complete lockdown as China started its battle against the new virus.

City of Wuhan during the pandemic

In the midst of January, the human to human transfer was officially confirmed and a disaster was feared as millions traveled for the Lunar new year Holiday. By the end of January, cases started to emerge from Thailand, South Korea, and Australia and the World Health Organization declared a global emergency. On 10th Feb China had its 1000 cases, WHO named this new form of coronavirus as COVID-19. By the end of Feb the cases emerged from the majority of the countries and Iran and South Korea were declared the most affected countries after China. As the situation worsened and the number of cases increased rapidly with over 82,000 cases and 2800 deaths worldwide by the end of February it was time for the world to take this pandemic seriously. The pandemic tightened its grip in Europe by affecting Italy and Spain. The Italians hospitals got stormed by the virus patients and strict lockdown was imposed. The death toll in Italy outnumbered China and Iran’s and on 11th March 2020, the WHO declared the novel coronavirus as the Global Pandemic.

Italy’s response to the COVID-19

March turned out to be the deadly month as the number of cases stood at 600,000 with 28000 deaths worldwide by the end of March and Europe and the United States were declared the new epicenters of the COVID-19.

While things were getting out of control in Europe and the US. The president of United States Donald Trump started blaming China for hiding facts and not alerting the world for the great disaster. China and WHO rejected the claims and blamed the US for not having the necessary measures for the prevention of the virus. The blame game worsened and the cases got out of control in both Europe and the US. Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi imposed the biggest lockdown of the world with imposing restrictions on 1.4 billion people. The lockdown was also imposed in Middle Eastern countries and Pakistan. China announced that they have won the war against the virus and their number of cases has declined.

The world faced two problems one of health and the other was economic. The strict lockdown in the majority of the countries turned out to be a disaster for economic activities, the unemployment rate triggered all around the world and economies shattered and faced recession for the first time after World War 2.  By the end of April, the United States alone had 1 million cases with 57,000 deaths and declared the worst affected country by the pandemic. The battle against coronavirus in Europe and its consequences on the economy hardened. British Prime Minister Boris Johnson also contracted the virus and fought for his life on the ventilator. The death tolls increased and Europe mourns.

London (left) and Paris (right) during the lockdown

In the mid of May the strict lockdown in Europe turned out to be a key factor in winning the war against COVID-19. The number of cases decreased and lockdowns were partially lifted in various cities. The situation remained the same in the US as number cases and deaths kept on rising. Russia, India, and the US were the new epicenters as the fight against the virus continued. Russia and Brazil saw a rapid increase in their cases.

Currently, the United States is leading the table with over 2 million cases and more than 115,000 deaths followed by Brazil with almost 900,000 cases and 45,000 deaths and Russia with 600,000 cases and 8000 deaths. India and Pakistan have also seen a boost in its cases as India passed 300,000 cases and Pakistan with almost 150,000 cases. The death rate in Subcontinent is far less as compared to that in Europe and the US. While these countries are fighting against the virus they are also fighting against hunger. Mumbai the densely populated city of India is facing problems fighting against the virus as its majority of the population lives in slums. The global infected cases stand at 8 million-plus with almost 440,000 deaths. Pakistan has also seen a spike in its cases as it eased the lockdown before Eid and the health system is about to get choked.

Karachi (left) and Mumbai (right) during lockdown

COVID-19 turned out to be a disaster for the world’s economy as the World Bank has predicted the worst recession since the 19th century. The unemployment rate has surged all over the globe and economies have suffered huge losses. The countries have introduced economic stimulus packages for their citizens. The world’s largest stimulus package was announced by President of US Donald Trump of about 2.2 trillion dollars to strengthen its economy. Japan and Germany also announced an economic stimulus of 1 trillion dollars. The aviation and tourism industry has suffered the most as global tourism has declined by 80 percent and air travel by 90 percent. The companies have also laid off its staff. The situation in Europe is now under control and the US has also seen a decline in its death and new cases. South America and Sub-continent keep on fighting against the pandemic with its already poor economies. The IMF and G20 have also announced debt relief for poor countries so they can fight against the virus.

The race of Vaccination production is also in its final stage. University of Oxford’s AZD 1222 vaccine is being produced by AstraZeneca a pharmaceutical company. Moderna and J&J are also working on the vaccine. China and Russia have also announced that they are in the final stages. Europe and the US have signed the contract with Pharma Giants for the vaccine and it is expected by the end of 2020.

The post-COVID scenario is still very unclear. The global economies will fight for a few years to revive their economy. Tourism and Aviation industry will also take time for its revival. The unemployment rate will also trigger and more people would fall under the poverty line especially in third world countries.