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Fight against Racism and Injustice

Fight against Racism and Injustice

Fight against Racism and Injustice, a brief view on some famous Black lives matter activists

On May 25th, 2020 an incident took place at a grocery store in Powderhorn Park in Minneapolis, USA. A black man George Floyd was choked to death by a white police officer named Derek Chauvin. The whole scene was recorded by multiple cameras and it turned out to be a disaster for US. George cried for help by saying “I can’t breathe” but police officer did not have his knee off his neck and he died on spot.  Communities from every race came out on streets protesting against the murder of an innocent black man with one slogan “Black Lives Matter”.  The protests spread in all states and law and order situation got out of control, some rioters stormed stores and malls and looted everything they could.

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George Floyd was not the first victim of American police brutality. Every year many cases are recorded where a black man or a minority is targeted in the US by police. The protests spread all across the world and the slogan of “Black Lives Matter” was being heard from Europe to America. Many black rights activists have dedicated their lives and fought against social injustice and hate towards African American people. Some notable figures are discussed in this article.

Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968)

Martin Luther King was one of the most prominent figures of the civil rights movement in the world. His struggle against racism and social injustice started when a black woman was forced to give up her seat to a white man because of her color. The same incident happened again when a black woman named Rosa Parks was also forced to leave her seat and when refused she was arrested. Martin’s struggle started with Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955. Martin was also elected as the President of Southern Christian Leadership Conference and also represented the “Big Six” (6 leaders of civil rights organizations). In 1963 he decided to march on Washington, the Washington March is one of the biggest events in civil rights history where Martin delivered his famous “ I Have A Dream” speech. The main objective of March was to demand an end of racial segregation in schools, civil rights laws, protection from police brutality and equality. Quarter million people attended this march and it was the largest gathering of protestors in the history of Washington D.C.

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Martin’s notable movements include the Selma Voting Rights of 1965, Chicago open housing of 1966, the opposition of the Vietnam War and Poor People’s Campaign of 1968. On April 4, 1968 Martin Luther King was assassinated by James Earl Ray in Memphis, Tennessee.

Malcolm X (1925-1965)

Al-Hajj Malik Al Shabazz also known as Malcolm X was a Muslim American civil rights activist and a notable figure in African Americans of the United States. He joined an organization named Nation of Islam and was named assistant minister of Nation’s mosque in Chicago. Malcolm was a skilled speaker and had an impressive physical presence. His involvement with the Nation of Islam put him on the radar of the FBI. He got his name in the public after the Hinton Johnson Incident when a member of the Nation of Islam was beaten by the police officers. Malcolm fought for civil rights using the platform of the Nation of Islam.

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He remained in news for his controversial statements especially the one on the assassination of J.F Kennedy. His relation with Nation of Islam did not continue and he left the organization and later he told that he has life threats from this organization. Malcolm was shot 21 times and was assassinated by a member of Nation of Islam in Manhattan. Malcolm will always be remembered in history as a notable personality for civil rights in history of the United States.

Rosa Parks (1913-2005)

Rosa Louise McCauley Parks was an American civil rights activist. She was named as “the first lady of freedom movement” by United States Congress. Rosa got her fame from the famous Montgomery Bus incident when she refused to give up her seat protesting against racism. She was arrested because of that. Her action inspired black people and a movement named “Montgomery Bus Boycott” started and lasted for about 365 days. This incident became a movement and gave more power to anti-racism movements. She joins hands with Edgar Nixon and Martin Luther King Jr. in a fight against oppression against black people and went on to win a Nobel Prize. Rosa fought for civil rights during her whole life and died of a natural cause in 2005. She was awarded with many national and international medals for her work.

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Corona Virus: A pandemic that shook the world

Corona Virus: A pandemic that shook the world

Japan was preparing to host the biggest sports event in the world, Tokyo Olympics 2020. Dubai was almost done with the preparations of the biggest expo in the world, Dubai Expo 2020. Donald Trump was getting ready to secure his second term at Oval Office in Washington, USA. Liverpool was leading the table against Manchester City for the race of the English Premier League in England. The protesters were on the streets of Hong Kong against Chinese Influence. Morrison was dealing with one of the deadliest bushfires in Australia. The World was normal until news arrived from the city of Wuhan in the Hubei Province of the People’s Republic of China and it changed the whole world.

In December 2019, hospitals in Wuhan started receiving patients with symptoms the same as of pneumonia. In the first 99 patients, 50 percent of the cases were linked to the Huanan Seafood wholesale market. The Chinese authorities acted rapidly and Wuhan with a population of 11 million was placed into a complete lockdown. The world welcomed the year 2020 with great enthusiasm but no one knew what lie ahead. The cases started increasing and on January 7th the Chinese authorities announced that they have identified a new virus and named it 2019-nCOV of the coronavirus family. China reported its first death on 11th January and cases started to emerge in the other cities of China. Province of Hubei with a population of 55 million was placed into complete lockdown as China started its battle against the new virus.

City of Wuhan during the pandemic

In the midst of January, the human to human transfer was officially confirmed and a disaster was feared as millions traveled for the Lunar new year Holiday. By the end of January, cases started to emerge from Thailand, South Korea, and Australia and the World Health Organization declared a global emergency. On 10th Feb China had its 1000 cases, WHO named this new form of coronavirus as COVID-19. By the end of Feb the cases emerged from the majority of the countries and Iran and South Korea were declared the most affected countries after China. As the situation worsened and the number of cases increased rapidly with over 82,000 cases and 2800 deaths worldwide by the end of February it was time for the world to take this pandemic seriously. The pandemic tightened its grip in Europe by affecting Italy and Spain. The Italians hospitals got stormed by the virus patients and strict lockdown was imposed. The death toll in Italy outnumbered China and Iran’s and on 11th March 2020, the WHO declared the novel coronavirus as the Global Pandemic.

Italy’s response to the COVID-19

March turned out to be the deadly month as the number of cases stood at 600,000 with 28000 deaths worldwide by the end of March and Europe and the United States were declared the new epicenters of the COVID-19.

While things were getting out of control in Europe and the US. The president of United States Donald Trump started blaming China for hiding facts and not alerting the world for the great disaster. China and WHO rejected the claims and blamed the US for not having the necessary measures for the prevention of the virus. The blame game worsened and the cases got out of control in both Europe and the US. Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi imposed the biggest lockdown of the world with imposing restrictions on 1.4 billion people. The lockdown was also imposed in Middle Eastern countries and Pakistan. China announced that they have won the war against the virus and their number of cases has declined.

The world faced two problems one of health and the other was economic. The strict lockdown in the majority of the countries turned out to be a disaster for economic activities, the unemployment rate triggered all around the world and economies shattered and faced recession for the first time after World War 2.  By the end of April, the United States alone had 1 million cases with 57,000 deaths and declared the worst affected country by the pandemic. The battle against coronavirus in Europe and its consequences on the economy hardened. British Prime Minister Boris Johnson also contracted the virus and fought for his life on the ventilator. The death tolls increased and Europe mourns.

London (left) and Paris (right) during the lockdown

In the mid of May the strict lockdown in Europe turned out to be a key factor in winning the war against COVID-19. The number of cases decreased and lockdowns were partially lifted in various cities. The situation remained the same in the US as number cases and deaths kept on rising. Russia, India, and the US were the new epicenters as the fight against the virus continued. Russia and Brazil saw a rapid increase in their cases.

Currently, the United States is leading the table with over 2 million cases and more than 115,000 deaths followed by Brazil with almost 900,000 cases and 45,000 deaths and Russia with 600,000 cases and 8000 deaths. India and Pakistan have also seen a boost in its cases as India passed 300,000 cases and Pakistan with almost 150,000 cases. The death rate in Subcontinent is far less as compared to that in Europe and the US. While these countries are fighting against the virus they are also fighting against hunger. Mumbai the densely populated city of India is facing problems fighting against the virus as its majority of the population lives in slums. The global infected cases stand at 8 million-plus with almost 440,000 deaths. Pakistan has also seen a spike in its cases as it eased the lockdown before Eid and the health system is about to get choked.

Karachi (left) and Mumbai (right) during lockdown

COVID-19 turned out to be a disaster for the world’s economy as the World Bank has predicted the worst recession since the 19th century. The unemployment rate has surged all over the globe and economies have suffered huge losses. The countries have introduced economic stimulus packages for their citizens. The world’s largest stimulus package was announced by President of US Donald Trump of about 2.2 trillion dollars to strengthen its economy. Japan and Germany also announced an economic stimulus of 1 trillion dollars. The aviation and tourism industry has suffered the most as global tourism has declined by 80 percent and air travel by 90 percent. The companies have also laid off its staff. The situation in Europe is now under control and the US has also seen a decline in its death and new cases. South America and Sub-continent keep on fighting against the pandemic with its already poor economies. The IMF and G20 have also announced debt relief for poor countries so they can fight against the virus.

The race of Vaccination production is also in its final stage. University of Oxford’s AZD 1222 vaccine is being produced by AstraZeneca a pharmaceutical company. Moderna and J&J are also working on the vaccine. China and Russia have also announced that they are in the final stages. Europe and the US have signed the contract with Pharma Giants for the vaccine and it is expected by the end of 2020.

The post-COVID scenario is still very unclear. The global economies will fight for a few years to revive their economy. Tourism and Aviation industry will also take time for its revival. The unemployment rate will also trigger and more people would fall under the poverty line especially in third world countries.

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Corona Virus Updates

CORONA VIRUS (COVID-19)

History

Corona virus also termed as Covid-19 is an infectious disease of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome SARS first emerged in the City of Wuhan, China in December 2019. At first it was termed as an ordinary pneumonia but as the situation worsened it was declared as a global pandemic by the World Health Organization on 11th March 2020.

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Symptoms and Transmission

The most common symptoms of Corona virus include fever, cough, flu, fatigue and loss of appetite. Initially it was thought that there is no proof of human to human transfer but with time it was realized that its only way of spread was human to human interaction via small droplets generated by sneezing or talking. The time for exposure of symptoms is about 2-14 days.

Treatment and Vaccination

There is no current drug which has been prescribed by any international health organization which can treat the corona virus. The only way to stop the spread is by isolating the covid patient unless he is recovered. Trials of Vaccination are currently in process by various companies. AstraZeneca a pharmaceutical company is currently working on the AZD1222 Vaccine produced by the University of Oxford and is in its final trial stages. Other companies like Moderna and J&J are also working on the vaccine.

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Current Situation

The novel coronavirus has now affected about 213 countries and territories around the world. The most affected country is The United States of  America with about more than 2 million overall cases and 115,000 deaths followed by Brazil with 750,000+ cases and 40,000+ deaths and Russia with 500,000+ cases and 6600 deaths.

The pandemic has also affected the major countries of Europe like Italy, France, Spain and UK. But there worst time is now almost over and the cases are coming down. The pandemic has now tightened its grip in the sub-continent and South America. India is the most affected country in South Asia with around 300,000 cases followed by Pakistan and Bangladesh and the situation is worsening day by day. The Total cases in the world are now 7 million plus with more than 400,000 dead.

Corona virus

10 Most Affected Nations

Country Total Cases Deaths
• US
2,083,523
115,900
• Brazil
787,489
40,276
• Russia
502,436
6,532
• India
298,233
8,501
• UK
291,409
41,279
• Spain
289,279
27,136
• Italy
236,142
34,167
• Peru
208,823
5903
• Germany
186,762
8850
• Iran
180,123
8584